1891 – 1976
Max Ernst began his academic career as a philosophy major at the University of Bonn before deciding to study art. After a brief stint in the military during World War I, Ernst traveled to Paris where he was encompassed by Dada, an anarchistic and anti-bourgeois movement that was to sweep Western Europe in the early 20th century. In the early 1920’s, Ernst abandoned Dada for a movement that was closer to his initial philosophical studies, Surrealism. Ernst employed various techniques for his works produced at this time, including frottage and decalomania, in order to capture different textures and colors and combining them to make an image that resembled the subconscious. During World War II, Ernst moved to the United States where he married Peggy Guggenheim and started exploring sculpture. In 1949, he returned to France where he continued to sculpt until his death in 1976.